A military operation was launched against the miscreants in Malakand Division in April, 2009. The operation internally displaced a large number of families from the area. These families shifted to the nearby districts of Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa. Though a majority of these temporarily displaced families have returned back to their areas, a need was felt to compensate them in the form of cash assistance for a limited period of time. BISP on the instruction of the government of Pakistan has extended its monthly cash assistance to these internally displaced families as well for a period of one year only. In the meantime, arrangements are being made to conduct the Poverty Scorecard based survey and exactly identify the underprivilegeds and enroll them for cash assistance and other benefits of BISP on a regular basis.